AMH, or Anti-Mullerian, is a hormone produced by granulosa cells in the developing follicles of a woman’s ovaries. The AMH level indicates a woman’s reproductive health and is used to estimate the number of eggs available for fertilization.
It is also known as Müllerian-inhibiting Hormone, MIH, Müllerian Inhibiting Factor, MIF, Müllerian-Inhibiting Substance or MIS. AMH is produced from small follicles present in the ovary. Millions of eggs produce this hormone and the number of these eggs decreases with growing age.
AMH Levels: Low, Normal, High
The normal range of AMH is 1.5-4.0 ng/mL, but its range varies with age. Women in their reproductive years typically have high AMH, while levels decrease and reach zero as a woman reaches menopause.
AMH Levels by Age
Normal levels of AMH vary from person to person, but a general range is considered normal.
It is important to note that these values of AMH by age are averages and may be based on individual variations.
Below are ranges for Anti-Mullerian Hormone levels:
- Average: Between 1.5 ng/mL to 4.0 ng/mL (approximately).
- Low: less than 1.0 ng/mL
- Extremely low: below 0.4 ng/mL
What is a Good AMH Level to Get Pregnant?
Do you know what is a good AMH level to get pregnant? Having a high AMH level shows a person may have a high ovarian reserve and a large number of potential eggs. This may improve their chances of becoming pregnant. It’s best to get pregnant with an Anti-Mullerian Hormone level in the 1.5 to 4.0 ng/ml range.
What AMH Level Indicates Infertility?
Now, let’s first understand “what AMH Level indicates infertility?”. Less than 1ng/ml indicates a low level of ovarian reserve and an increased risk of infertility.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) report has stated that around 15% of the women experience difficulty in getting pregnant because of low AMH.
Can I Conceive With A Low AMH?
Low AMH levels may indicate a reduced number of eggs available for fertilization and an increased risk of infertility. There is no specific cure for low AMH, but there are ways to improve fertility.
- In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is an option for women with low anti-Mullerian hormone levels. This procedure involves extracting eggs from fertilizing them with sperm in the laboratory.
- In some cases, medications such as letrozole, myo-inositol, and melatonin may be given to increase AMH levels.
- Lifestyle changes, such as eating a balanced diet, keeping a healthy weight, and reducing stress, can also help improve fertility.
- Women should also avoid smoking, drinking too much alcohol, and exposure to toxins, all of which can affect their fertility.
What is an Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) Test?
An anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) test is conducted in order to measure the amount of AMH in a blood sample. It is produced in testicles in males and ovaries in females. The amount of AMH present in the blood tells a lot about reproductive health such as:-
- Amount of eggs in ovaries (OVARIAN RESERVE)
- Number of fertile years left
The result of a woman is then compared to a healthy woman’s report of the same age.
When do you need an AMH test?
You must undergo AMH test under the following conditions:
- Estimating ovarian reserve for Fertility Planning: If you are planning for future pregnancy and want to know about the current state of ovarian reserve.
- Estimating the success of fertility treatment: If you are planning for IVF or any other fertility treatment. Low AMH level can indicate a low chance of success of IVF.
- Infertility or tumour Diagnosis: If you are unable to conceive even after trying for over six months or If you are suspicious of ovarian tumour.
- Being treated for ovarian cancer: If you went through chemotherapy or ovarian surgery. AMH levels indicate the potential for future fertility.
- Testing for PCOS: Anti-Mullerian Hormone levels may be higher than normal in women suffering from Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).
Benefits of the AMH test
- Reliability: Compared to tests like FSH and LH, the AMH test gives a more accurate picture of a woman’s ability to have children.
- Feature: The test can be performed at any time during a woman’s menstrual cycle and is not affected by hormonal fluctuations
- Early detection: The test can detect problems with a woman’s ovarian reserve early so that treatment and support can be given promptly.
What happens during an AMH test?
The AMH test is just like a blood test. A healthcare professional takes a blood sample using a small needle from a vein in your arm. This is very simple, and it only takes a few minutes.
Will I need to do anything to prepare for the test?
The patient does not have to do any special preparation for the test. The test can be conducted at any time of the menstrual cycle as the amount of AMH level stays constant during the whole cycle.
Is there any risk associated with the test?
There is no such risk in this test. You may feel slight pain or bruising on the area when the needle was inserted but this pain will go away very soon.
Testing AMH at home
You can also test the AMH level at home without going to the lab with the help of Home hormone kits that are available in the market and on online platforms. The process of this self-help kit is very simple, you just need to prick your finger and take the blood sample.
Q. What is a good AMH level to get pregnant?
Ans. The range between 1.5 ng/ML to 4.0 ng/mL is a good AMH level to get pregnant.
Q. What is AMH Level?
Ans. AMH Level is a hormone secreted by the ovaries, measured by a blood test. It is used to measure a woman’s ovarian reserve and other information about a woman’s fertility.
Q. What is a Low AMH Level?
Ans. Women with a low AMH level, which is less than 1.0 ng/mL, can indicate an increased risk of infertility.
AMH tests can provide valuable information about a woman’s reproductive health and fertility. Women with low AMH levels may be at increased risk of infertility, but there are options, such as IVF and lifestyle changes, that can help improve their chances of getting pregnant. Checking the AMH can help women in many ways, from planning their pregnancy to detecting PCOS.